PLANTS FOUND IN AMERICA's WETLAND: A cHECKLIST


KEY:  1 = salt marsh; 2 = brackish marsh; 3 = intermediate marsh; 4 = freshwater marsh; 5 = swamp; 6 = dry or usually dry ground

EMERGENT SPECIES

Alligatorweed 4                                   Alternanthera philoxeroides
Waterhyssop 4                                    Bacopa monnieri
Sticktight (Fouchette) 4                       Bidens cernua or laevis
Sedge   4                                             Carex spp.
Sawgrass  4                                         Cladium jamaicense
Elephant ear 4                                      Colocasia antiquorum
Swamp lily  4                                      Crinum americanum
Walter's millet  4                                  Echinochloa walteri
Spikerush   4                                       Eleocharis spp.
Pennywort   4                                      Hydrocotyle spp.
Spider lily  4                                        Hymenocallis caroliniana
Zig-zag stemmed iris 4,5                     Iris brevicaulis
Copper iris  4,5                                   Iris fulva


Giant blue iris  4,5                               Iris giganticaerulea
Rush    4                                              Juncus spp. (freshwater species)
Black rush  1                                       Juncus roemericanus
Primrose 4,5                                        Ludwigia ssp.
Eurasian watermilfoil 4                       Myriophyllum spicatum
American lotus   4                               Nelumbo lutea
Spatterdock    4                                   Nuphar advena
White waterlily  4                                Nymphaea odorata
Banana waterlily  4                              Nymphaea mexicana
Maidencane (Paille fine) 4                   Panicum hemitomon
Arrow arum   4                                   Peltandra virginica
*Roseau (Italian lovers) 4                   Phragmites australis
Smartweed   4                                     Polygonum sp.
Pickerelweed  4                                   Pontederia cordata
*Bulltongue   4                                    Sagittaria lancifolia
Wapato    4                                          Sagittaria latifolia
Bullwhip   4                                        Scirpus californicus
Three-cornered grass 3,4                     Schoenoplectus americanus
*Oyster grass  1                                  Spartina alterniflora
   (Smooth cordgrass)
*Wiregrass  2,6                                   Spartina patens
Cattail   3,4                                          Typha latifolia
Giant cutgrass  4                                 Zizaniopsis miliacea

SUBMERGENT SPECIES

Fanwort   4                                          Cabomba caroliniana
Coontail  4                                           Ceratophyllum demersum
Widgeongrass  2                                 Ruppia maritima
Common bladderwort  4                     Utricularia vulgaris

 

FLOATING SPECIES

Mosquito fern  4,5                              Azolla carolinensis
Water hyacinth 4,5                              Eichhornia crassipes
Duckweed   4,5                                   Lemna spp.
Common frogbit  4,5                           Limnobium spongia
Floating waterprimrose 4                    Ludwigia peploides
Water spangles  4,5                             Salvinia minima
Giant salvinia 4,5                                Salvinia molesta

 


TERRESTRIAL SPECIES

Swamp Red Maple 6                           Acer rubrum var. drummondii
Giant ragweed   6                                Ambrosia trifida
Broomsedge    6                                  Andropogon glomeratus
Aster   6                                              Aster spp.
Black Mangrove  1,6                           Avicennia nitida
Groundsel    6                                     Baccharis halimifolia
Saltwort     1,6                                     Batis maritima
Sea ox-eye   1,6                                   Borrichia frutescens
Hackberry    6                                     Celtis laevigata
Buttonbush   4,5,6                               Cephalanthus occidentalis
Dodder       6                                       Cuscuta indecora
Fragrant flatsedge 4,6                          Cyperus ordoratus
White-topped sedge 4,6                       Dichromena colorata
Salt grass     6                                      Distichlis spicata
Wild ageratum   6                                Eupatorium coelestinum
Wooly rosemallow  6                          Hibiscus lasiocarpos
Marshelder     6                                   Iva frutescens
Saltmarsh mallow  6                            Kosteletzkya virginica
Primrose-willow    6                           Ludwigia leptocarpa
Waxmyrtle         6                                Myrica cerifera
*Tupelo gum        5                             Nyssa aquatica
Royal fern     4,5,6                              Osmunda regalis
Torpedo grass    4,6                            Panicum repens
Camphorweed      6                             Pluchea camphorata
Eastern cottonwood 6                          Populus deltoides
Water oak        6                                  Quercus nigra
*Live oak         6                                 Quercus virginiana
Black/dewberry   6                              Rubus spp.
*Palmetto         5,6                              Sabal minor
Glasswort        1,6                               Salicornia spp.
Black willow     6                                Salix nigra
Common elderberry  6                        Sambucus canadensis
Chinese tallow    6                               Sapium sebiferum
Rattlebox        4,6                                Sesbania drummondii
Sea purslane      6                                Sesuvium portulacastrum
Giant foxtail     6                                 Setaria magna
Seaside goldenrod  6                           Solidago sempervirens
Hogcane (big cordgrass) 6                  Spartina cynosuroides
*Wiregrass         2,6                            Spartina patens
*Bald Cypress      5                             Taxodium distichum
Marsh fern        6                                Thelypteris palustris
American elm      6                              Ulmus americana
Slippery elm      6                                Ulmus rubra
Toothache tree    6                               Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
   (Hercules-club)

VINES

Peppervine         6                               Amelopsis arborea
Railroad vine      6                               Ipomoea pes-capre
Marsh morning-glory  6                      Ipomoea sagittata
Beach morning-glory  6                      Ipomoea stolonifera
Greenbriar          6                               Smilax spp.
Deer Pea          4,6                               Vigna luteola

 

 

updated 6/1/2012

   
   
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